The agreement, aimed at ending the conflict between the two nations, was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan. Since the conflict began in September, several ceasefire agreements have been signed between the two sides, but none have yet been successful. The agreement also calls for transport links through Armenia, which connects Azerbaijan to its western enclave of Nakhchivan, surrounded by Armenia, Iran and Turkey. “There is only a sense of disbelief that it was in a way the only option for Armenia to effectively admit defeat and sign this agreement with Azerbaijan, which is transmitted by Russia, which ends this war, but which effectively allows Azerbaijan to win almost total victory.” In October of this year, the two countries agreed on a ceasefire agreement, which was also negotiated by Russia but was unsuccessful. 📣 Express Explained is now on Al Jazeera Telegram Osama Bin Javaid, report from Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, said news of the agreement brought people to the streets to celebrate despite a curfew. The agreement provides for the reduction of some areas on the outskirts of the Nagorno-Karabakh region, while Azerbaijan will halt its advance towards Stepanakert, he added. Following the signing of the agreement and the sending of Russian peacekeeping forces, a memorandum was signed by the Russian and Turkish defence ministers regarding the creation of a joint Russian-Turkish observatory in Azerbaijan.  Russia insisted, however, that Turkey`s participation would be limited to operating on Azerbaijani soil from the Observatory and that Turkish peacekeeping forces would not go to Nagorno-Karabakh.   Hours before the agreement was signed, Azerbaijan apologized to Moscow and offered to pay compensation after admitting to accidentally shooting down a Russian helicopter. Two crew members died in the incident and a third was injured.
Under the agreement, the two belligerents pledged to exchange prisoners of war and the dead. In addition, Armenian troops were to withdraw from Armenian-occupied territories around Nagorno-Karabakh by 1 December. A Russian peacekeeping force of about 2,000 Russian ground forces was to be deployed to the region for at least five years, with one of its missions being the protection of the Lachin Corridor, which connects Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh region. In addition, Armenia is committed to ensuring the “security” of the passage between the mainland of Azerbaijan and its enclave of Nakhchivan by a strip of land in Syunik province, Armenia. The border forces of the Russian FSB would exercise control of the transport communication.    Nikol Pachinjan announces a “painful” agreement with the presidents of Azerbaijan and Russia to end weeks of conflict.