In 2017/18, Parliament approved $20 million of confidence and procurement appropriations to be added to the northern Ireland executive grant. The head of the Public Service in Northern Ireland informed the Northern Ireland Committee that the funds would be used to educate and reduce health pressures. Sinn Fein, SDLP and the Alliance Party said an agreement between the Conservatives and the DUP at Westminster would likely complicate power-sharing at Stormont. Former Labour Minister for Northern Ireland Peter Hain said a deal would undermine “the neutrality, bipartisan attitude that a Prime Minister and a Foreign Minister must have with regard to Northern Ireland policy.” The BRITISH government says Westminster`s affairs should be distinguished from their role in de decentralised management. Theresa May says she hopes all parties in Northern Ireland “will meet and agree to reinstate a power-sharing executive by 29 June.” In 2008, John Key`s National Party government formed a minority government through a confidence and supply agreement with the ACT, United Future and the Maori Party.  In 2005, a similar agreement led Helen Clark`s Labour Party to form a coalition government with the Progressive Party, with the support of the confidence and supply of New Zealand First and United Future. After the 2014 elections, National again entered into trust and supply agreements with United Future, the ACT party and the Maori party. In 2017, New Zealand First decided to form a coalition with Labour, despite Labour`s national voices, to help them change government, with the support of the confidence and supply of the Left Green Party.  In most parliamentary democracies, members of a Parliament may propose a motion of no confidence or not trust the government or the executive. The results of these requests show the extent to which the government currently enjoys parliamentary support. If a motion of no confidence or a motion of no confidence fails, the government will generally withdraw and allow other politicians to form a new government or declare an election.
Between 1977 and 1978, Jim Callaghan`s Labour Party remained in power through a confidence and supply agreement with the Liberal Party, in an agreement known as the lib-lab pact. In exchange, Labour accepted modest political concessions for the Liberal Party.   Both parties agree that it is necessary to recognize the exceptional circumstances in Northern Ireland`s history and the impact this has had on the economy and on the people of all parts of the Community. Both parties agree that Northern Ireland needs additional support, as outlined in the appendix to this agreement. In New Zealand, trust and supply agreements are common because of the MMP system used in the country.