An agreement signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan in the Soviet city of Tashkent to end the Second Indo-Pakistan War on Kashmir. The two countries agreed not only to withdraw their troops from the territory of the other region and to recover their prisoners of war, but also to begin to normalize their diplomatic relations. Unfortunately, the beginning of Indo-Pakistani friendly relations was made more difficult by Shastri`s death a few hours after the signing of the agreement. The agreement has done little to ease the deep hostility between the two countries since independence in 1947 and did not prevent the outbreak of new hostilities in 1970. IV The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed that both sides would prevent any propaganda against the other country and encourage propaganda promoting the development of friendly relations between the two countries. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan, signed on 10 January 1966, which resolved the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war. Peace was achieved on 23 September by the intervention of the external powers that pushed the two nations to the truce, lest the conflict intensify and attract other powers. [1] [2] Mediation took place through the USSR, during which a meeting was held in Tashkent from 4 to 10 January 1966 to establish a more lasting peace between India and Pakistan. The meeting took place between Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan, moderated by Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin. The agreement between India and Pakistan, which ended the largest military conflict over territorial disputes since World War II, was signed on 10 January 1966 in Tashkent, the capital of the Uzbek SSR at the time. At the opening of the negotiations, the conflict between India and Pakistan seriously threatened the stability of the region.

This conflict between two major regional powers threatened to degenerate into a much greater war with the participation of other states. India was threatened by China, which was then an ally of Pakistan. Beijing has accused Delhi of aggression. I The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agree that both sides will do everything in their power to establish good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan, in accordance with the United Nations Charter. They reaffirm the Charter`s commitment not to resort to violence and to resolve their differences by peaceful means. They felt that the interests of peace in their region and in particular in the Indo-Pakistani subcontinent and, indeed, the interests of the peoples of India and Pakistan are not served by the continuation of tensions between the two countries.