The obligations under Articles 3 and 4 do not apply to procedures under WIPO-led multilateral agreements on the acquisition or maintenance of intellectual property rights. 1. Members are implementing the provisions of this agreement. Members may, but are not required to, implement in their legislation a broader protection than is provided by this agreement, unless that protection is contrary to the provisions of the agreement. Members are free to define the appropriate method for implementing the provisions of this agreement in their own legal and practical order. Trips-plus conditions, which impose standards beyond TRIPS, have also been verified.  These free trade agreements contain conditions that limit the ability of governments to introduce competition for generic drug manufacturers. In particular, the United States has been criticized for promoting protection far beyond the standards prescribed by the TRIPS. The U.S. free trade agreements with Australia, Morocco and Bahrain have expanded patentability by making patents available for new uses of known products.
 The TRIPS agreement authorizes the granting of compulsory licences at the discretion of a country. The terms of trips plus in the U.S. Free Trade Agreement with Australia, Jordan, Singapore and Vietnam have limited the application of mandatory licences to emergencies, remedies for cartels and abuse of dominance, and cases of non-commercial public use.  In addition to the basic intellectual property standards created by the TRIPS agreement, many nations have engaged in bilateral agreements to adopt a higher level of protection. This collection of standards, known as TRIPS or TRIPS-Plus, can take many forms.  Among the general objectives of these agreements are: the 2002 Doha Declaration confirmed that the TRIPS agreement should not prevent members from taking the necessary measures to protect public health. Despite this recognition, less developed countries have argued that flexible TRIPS provisions, such as mandatory licensing, are almost impossible to obtain. The least developed countries, in particular, have made their young domestic manufacturing and technological industries proof of the infallible policy. The Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an agreement of international law between all World Trade Organization (WTO) member states. It sets minimum standards for the regulation of different forms of intellectual property by national governments, as is the case for nationals of other WTO member states.  The TRIPS agreement was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) between 1989 and 1990 and is managed by the WTO.
3. Members grant the treatment of other members to nationals of other members under this agreement. 1. With regard to relevant intellectual property law, nationals of other members are considered to be natural or legal persons who would meet the protection criteria provided by the Paris Convention (1967), the Bern Convention (1971), the Rome Convention and the Intellectual Property Treaty, taking into account the integrated channels, all WTO members.